Greenhouse Environmental Automated Controls
Using a greenhouse environment control system or automation can greatly accelerate crop production. With this type of environmental control, the greenhouse maintains constant conditions that are most conducive to maximum yield.
The ability of a plant to grow and develop is primarily dependent on photosynthesis. The plant combines carbon dioxide and water in the presence of light to form sugars, which are then used for growth and flower/fruit production.
The greenhouse environment is managed with the goal of optimizing the photosynthetic process in plants, or the plant's ability to use light as efficiently as possible.
Control of Greenhouse Lighting
Greenhouse lighting is more complicated than meets the eye. Growers looking for the best greenhouse lighting should consider three factors: the type of crop being grown, the time of year, and the amount of sunlight available.
Every day, greenhouses require six hours of direct or full-spectrum light. If this cannot be accomplished naturally, supplemental lighting must be used. The use of multiple, high-intensity artificial lights to promote crop growth and yield is known as supplemental lighting. Hobbyists use them to keep growth going and extend the growing season, whereas commercial growers use them to increase yields and profits.
Growers have a wide range of lighting options to choose from, so it's critical to understand the differences between them. Again, greenhouse environmental controls that can be scheduled and monitored make this easier to manage.
As plants begin to grow faster, they gradually reduce humidity to encourage transpiration, which allows more water to flow through the plant. As the plant consumes more water, the elongated cells fill and transport nutrients to the plant's growing parts.
Humidity should also be closely monitored because if it rises too high in greenhouses, plant leaves have a much greater chance of becoming wet. Unfortunately, wet leaves are one of the best ways to ensure a fungal infection or mildew outbreak. Fungal diseases such as the Botrytis pathogen and powdery mildew are common culprits in greenhouses. Better quality control means monitoring and controlling the greenhouse environment.
The use of vents is another simple way to help regulate temperature and humidity. You can use rack and pinons and ventilation control to set the greenhouse vents to open at a specific temperature if it gets too hot.
We are also measuring the relative humidity (the amount of water vapor present in air expressed as a percentage of the amount needed for saturation.), which can be reduced by opening the vents to let in dry air that is not wet.
We can also use greenhouse control systems to activate horizontal airflow fans. These improve air circulation and help to remove humidity from the air. To achieve humidity balance, greenhouse temperatures must be raised.
This is all controlled by our greenhouse automation computer using proper greenhouse temperature and humidity sensors. This will allow you to monitor and regulate humidity and temperature levels. Our grower-approved greenhouse environmental control software keeps all levels under control.
Control of Carbon Dioxide (Co2)
It is critical for healthy plant growth to provide plenty of carbon dioxide to your plants. Carbon is taken from the air by plants as an essential component of photosynthesis. Diffusion allows carbon dioxide to enter the plant through the stomatal openings.
CO2 boosts productivity by improving plant growth and overall health. CO2 increases productivity in a variety of ways, including earlier flowering, higher fruit yields, and longer growth cycles.
I'm going to get into some of the more technical math here, but for the vast majority of greenhouse crops, net photosynthesis increases as CO2 levels rise from 340 to 1,000 ppm (parts per million).
Most crops show that increasing the CO2 level to 1,000 ppm increases photosynthesis by about 50% over ambient CO2 levels for any given level of photosynthetically active radiation (PAR).
To properly control CO2 ranges, adhere to quality control guidelines with our greenhouse climate control system.
Temperature Control of the Air
To a point, increasing air temperature accelerates photosynthesis. Plants, however, enter photorespiration when temperatures exceed 85 degrees. Plants will wither as a result of this unfavorable growing environment.
Furthermore, if higher air temperatures are not accompanied by higher levels of carbon dioxide and light intensity, your plants will engage in more photorespiration than photosynthesis. This will have a significant impact on the health of your plants.
Enzymes will eventually cease to function and disintegrate, and your plants will be unable to establish a healthy metabolism. With our greenhouse temperature control system, balance is everything.
Fertigation Control Through Regular Irrigation and Fertilizers
We prefer regular irrigation and nutrient-feed formula for greenhouse crops. In today's large commercial operations, fertigation automation can not only assist but also outperform all other farms.
Fertigation is the continuous application of water and fertilizers in precise amounts via the irrigation system. This supply of nutrients required by the crops aids in maintaining maximum yields.
Fertigation is especially beneficial in drip irrigation. Water and nutrients are absorbed directly into the roots using our automated fertigation equipment. Increasing crop growth rate, resilience, and quality.
This system makes better use of water and fertilizer. Respecting the environment and minimizing environmental impact is something I believe we can all agree on. We can also use a greenhouse water recycling system to ensure the safety of your crops.
Automation of the Entire Greenhouse
Automation can play a significant role in improving the quality of your greenhouse environment and making indoor growing more manageable. AutoVent has been assisting growers in remaining profitable for over 14 years.
Growers can program their own growing environment using our control technology. Automation allows for the rapid correction of any changes in growing conditions. Growers can monitor their indoor growing environment from their smartphones or laptops using our advanced IIOT systems.
This technology is the foundation of profitable growers who need to reduce energy, labor, and fertilizer costs. All of this, in addition to increasing crop yields and the return on investment for new growing technology.REQUEST A QUOTE